Health and Hygiene > Hospitals and Convalescent Homes
AICP and COS established several hospitals and homes to provide poor individuals and families with medical care and "sanitary surroundings." Sea Breeze and the Home Hospital, opened in 1904 and 1912 respectively, were aimed primarily at victims of tuberculosis. Both Sea Breeze, which began as a tent hospital on the beach in Coney Island, and the Home Hospital, based in a model tenement on the Upper East Side, emphasized fresh air and outdoor access in their treatment of the disease. Caroline Rest was established in Hartsdale, New York as a convalescent home for mothers and new-born babies.